Another argument against negotiations with pleadings is that they may not actually reduce the cost of managing justice. For example, if a prosecutor has only a 25% chance of winning his case and sending an accused to prison for 10 years, he can enter into a plea agreement for a one-year sentence. But if oral arguments are not available, a prosecutor may drop the case. [18] In Canada, the courts always have the final say in sentencing. Nevertheless, oral arguments have become an accepted part of the criminal justice system, although judges and crown counsel are often reluctant to characterize it as such. In most Canadian criminal trials, the Crown has the option of recommending a lighter sentence than it would seek after a guilty verdict in exchange for an admission of guilt. [28] Arguments in favour of collective bargaining could also be relied upon by an accused who pleads guilty to possession of equipment, instruments, devices and other utensils for dangerous drugs at parties, social gatherings or assemblies or at least two persons in the nearby society. Assuming that it is possible to prove that this possession is intended for personal use, which is in reasonable quantities, as defined by the court, the bill continues. The plea contract is between the parties – the prosecutor and the accused. Although the victim is not involved in the criminal case and the prosecutor is not a tool in the hands of the victim to take revenge on the offender, the victim`s attitude towards the pleading contract remains important. The Plea negotiations are an important part of the criminal justice system in the United States; the vast majority (about 90%) criminal proceedings in the United States are governed by oral arguments, not by a jury. [20] Arguments are subject to court approval, and different states and jurisdictions have different rules. Federal criminal guidelines are followed and created in federal cases to ensure a consistent standard in all cases decided by federal courts.

A reduction in the level of infringement to two or three levels is generally available to those who bear responsibility for it by not burdening the evidence of the burden of proof of their case; This usually amounts to a total reduction in sentences if they had been brought to justice and lost. [21] Following a Supreme Court of Canada decision imposing strict deadlines for the resolution of criminal cases (18 months for provincial court cases and thirty months for Supreme Court cases), several provinces have implemented and intensified measures to maximize the number of minor criminal trials resolved through pleas.