According to the contract will theory, a contract is not considered valid unless all parties consent voluntarily or expressly, without coercion. In his essay No Treason, Lysander Spooner, a 19th-century lawyer and a staunch defender of the law of contracts between individuals, argued that an alleged social contract could not be used to justify state acts such as taxation, because the government would take measures of violence against anyone who does not want to enter into such a contract. Therefore, such an agreement is not voluntary and therefore cannot be considered a legitimate contract at all. Social Contract – an agreement between people and the government in which citizens agree to be governed as long as the government protects their natural rights Philip Pettit (1945) argued in Republicanism: A Theory of Freedom and Government (1997) that the theory of the social contract, classic on the basis of the agreement of the governed, should be changed. Instead of arguing for explicit consent that can always be produced, Pettit argues that the absence of effective rebellion against it is the only legitimacy of a treaty. Other authors have argued that consent to join society is not necessarily the approval of their government. To do so, the government must be established according to a government constitution in accordance with the unwritten constitutions of nature and society. [24] If individuals unite to form a government, agree with that government to protect rights, and commit to maintaining collective order and security, it is preferable to write down the rules of consent – a contract. Whether the nation has 13 states or 50 , with 3 million or 330 million citizens, a country as vast and diverse as the United States needs a written contract between the government and the citizens. How do the differences of opinion between the idea and the war? Over time, the British monarchy came to treat the settlers differently from the other free ones who lived in Britain.

Scholarly men among the elites of the colonies, familiar with the works of Locke and other political philosophers, courageously sought a solution. Calls for the monarchy have failed.