SR shares rights: SR shares are treated on an equal footing with common shares, including dividends, except in the event of a decision vote. Voting rights of SR shareholders (including common shares) after listing are permitted at 74% (74%) not to exceed. For this reason, the « yes » of Group B will not impede Group A decision-making, provided that the requirements of the law are met. The only way Group A can defeat a special resolution is to hold at least 26%; and a proper liquidation can be rejected by only 50% of shares. Request: If the company decides to issue a bonus or share split, SR shareholders are entitled to SR shares. Similarly, the SR shareholder is entitled to SR shares in the event of preferential rights being granted. However, the SR shareholder cannot waive the rights to the SR shares. The right to vote on all these SR shares remains the report that the company originally adopted. The sunset over the time for these SR shares remains from the date of the listing of the common shares of this company. Similarly, 2,500,000 (two million of five hundred thousand) preferred shares (with DVRs) were issued by Jagatjit Industries Limited to a company controlled by Mr Karamjit. This edition of DVR effectively increased Mr. Karamjit`s voting rights and gave him significant control over Jagatjit Industries Limited, although his economic contribution does not reflect such a jump. While this measure was challenged by the company`s minority shareholders, the Corporate Law Council authorized the allocation of preferential shares with DVRs, which was legally authorized to reference 86 of the old Law2.

Subsequently, the family acts as a common unit, under the authority of the family member, who has the largest proportion of all family members. In addition to these clauses, the agreement also provided for purchase rights in the event that a family member transfers his shares. Differential voting rights (« DVRs ») refer to shares that hold different dividends and/or voting rights. In India, Section 43 (a) (ii) of the Companies Act, 2013 (« Companies Act ») authorizes a limited company to issue DVRs as part of its share capital. For the first time in 2000, DVRs are seen as a viable option to increase investment while retaining control of the business. The DVRs have recently generated renewed interest, with the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) publishing a consultation paper on « the issuance of different voting shares (DVRs)  » and subsequently approving the framework in accordance with the current government`s 100-day economic recovery agenda. Corporate law is based on the principles of shareholder democracy and, as such, the majority will always be at the forefront. Veto rights are measures to protect the interests of the minority. Certain fundamental rights that under the basis of corporate democracy, such as participation in the meeting, voting, etc., cannot be changed, contrary to the material legislation of the law.

Even if the articles contain such clauses, enforcement by a court will not be possible. It is therefore preferable to protect the interests of the minority or a partner of the joint venture if, within the four walls of legal methods, this is guaranteed. SEBI has published an informal guide on the intersessic transfer of shares between project proponents and voting agreements under the acquisition code. This was published on request by the promoters of Cipla Limited, one of India`s leading pharmaceutical companies.