The agreement provides for a complete ban on chemical weapons in India and Pakistan and commits both countries not to develop, possess or use chemical weapons. The treaty obliges contracting parties to use Antarctica only for peaceful purposes. Military activities are prohibited, including weapon-tested nuclear explosions and radioactive waste management in Antarctica. With the CSE Treaty, an agreement was reached to reduce the possibility of major offensive operations in Europe by reducing troops and rearming in Central Europe. The treaty obliges contracting parties not to develop, manufacture, acquire or possess nuclear explosive devices. The parties may carry out peaceful nuclear activities and must conclude safeguards agreements with the IAEA. The Lahore Declaration is an agreement between India and Pakistan that both call for reducing the risk of accidental or unauthorized use of nuclear weapons, among other confidence-building measures. The Open Skies Treaty is an existing international agreement by which States parties are authorized to conduct unarmed observation flights over the territory of other States parties. The treaty commits the United States and Russia to mutually reduce and limit strategic nuclear weapons, with each side claiming the right to determine the structure of its strategic offensive weapons. There are a number of multilateral treaties aimed at prohibiting several categories of weapons of mass destruction. These treaties include the Biological Weapons Convention (BTWC) and the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC). The Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT), the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (TPNW), the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Tests in the Atmosphere, Space and Submarine, also known as the Partial Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CPT), and the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty, signed in 1996 but not yet in force.

There are also several contracts to prevent the proliferation of missiles and related technologies that can be used as vehicles for the supply of MVW payloads. These treaties include the Hague Code of Conduct (HCOC) and the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR). The Chemical Weapons Convention obliges States parties not to develop, produce, acquire, stockpile or retain, transfer, use or militarily prepare for the use of chemical weapons. It entered into force in 1997. The Treaty of Tlatelolco prohibits Latin American States from acquiring, possessing, developing, testing or using nuclear weapons and prohibits other countries from stockpiling and stationing nuclear weapons on their territory. Weapons of mass destruction (WMD) represent a class of weapons that has the potential to: The CPPNM is the only legally binding international treaty that focuses on the physical protection of nuclear material. .